On February 12, 2016 the Oregon Senate passed an increase in the minimum wage in a 16 – 12 vote. It must now go to the State House before becoming law.
Such a vote would never have happened if it wasn’t for the campaign efforts of grassroots organizations such as 15 Now and the state’s labor union’s. For too many years state legislatures have been content to stand aside as the minimum wage dramatically fell below what is necessary for a decent living. What was different this time was that workers’ organizations, fueled by the momentum of the $15 Now movement nationally, were not going to take no for an answer when it comes to raising the minimum wage.
Does this bill provide what is needed for Oregon’s workers and their families? Does it at least come close enough or will we have to go through the expense of a ballot campaign in the Fall?
The plan slated to go to the House, known as Senate Bill 1532, would take six years to raise wages to $14.75 in the Portland Metro area (a 59 percent increase), $13.50 in counties with mid-sized cities such as Eugene, Bend, and Medford (a 46 percent increase), and $12.50 in sparsely populated areas (a 35 percent increase). The new minimum wages would be fully phased in by 2022.
Will this be enough to lift Oregon’s low-wage workers and their families out of poverty?
According to study after study the answer is no, these increases wouldn’t lift Oregon’s workers out of poverty even in 2015. By 2022 Oregon’s minimum wage will be all the more behind what it takes for workers pay the bills.
Would greater minimum wage increases than those contained in what the Senate passed have adverse effects on the economy? Not if you go by Oregon’s own history. In the late 80s – early 90s Oregon’s minimum wage increased 42 percent over only two years. In the 1970s the minimum wage was increased 80 percent over only four years. In each case these raises helped Oregon’s economy grow, and the unemployment rate went down in the years following the increases.
In addition to being too low and too slow, Senate Bill 1532 doesn’t even lift preemption, the law that prevents local governments from establishing an adequate minimum wage for the areas they govern. Without this, the ability of local communities to raise their wages according to workers’ local needs remains tied by a law made in the interests of wealthy corporations.
The Oregon Senate’s raises aren’t so much the result of determining what workers and the economy need. Rather they are based on a cold political calculation. On one hand the legislature does not want to confront their Big Business funders by demanding they pay a fair wage. On the other hand, they want to prevent a minimum wage ballot initiative from going to Oregon’s voters, which will cost their Big Business friends more. Senate Bill 1532 is the crumb the legislature are throwing Oregon’s workers to shake off the growth of a grassroots social movement for a statewide $15 minimum wage and real economic justice.
Both the AFL-CIO and SEIU 503 have passed resolutions supporting the $15 minimum wage ballot initiative, and to win at the ballot will demand serious resources from the unions to counter the flood of corporate money that will be spent in an effort to defeat it. More importantly, it will demand the unity of the unions and grassroots supporters to build a popular momentum that corporate dollars cannot stop.
In a state election year that will see a ballot that directly attacks the existence of public sector unions by outlawing closed shops, it is all the more important that unions act on behalf of all workers to win a $15 minimum wage. In taking this on the public at large will see that any attack on the unions is also an attack on their ability to win victories that benefit everyone except for those deep pocketed interests the legislatures are too beholden to.
In short, union leadership needs to commit to $15 with a serious and united campaign rather than accept Senate Bill 1532, not only for their members and all Oregon workers, but also for unions’ ability to defeat corporate attacks against them as well.
Fight high rents and low wages! Fight for Oregon’s houseless communities!
#OregonSOS Oregonians are sinking, and it’s time to do something about it!
Join us as we build a tent city on the steps of the capitol building to highlight and call for a housing state of emergency in Oregon. Demand solutions to this state of emergency such as rent control and an end to no-cause evictions, a statewide $15 and local control of minimum wage laws, and an end to ODOT sweeps of houseless camps.
The bus and carpool are full. For those who have RSVP’d for the bus/carpool, please be at the parking lot of the Oregon AFL-CIO by 7:30am. The bus will leave to return to Portland at 3pm. The Oregon AFL-CIO is located near the corner of SE 32nd and Powell (3645 SE 32nd Ave, Portland, OR 97202).
Sponsored and endorsed by Portland Tenants United, Right to Survive, Right 2 Dream Too, 15 Now PDX, Don’t Shoot PDX, Portland Rising Tide, Jobs with Justice, PSUSU, Hazelnut Grove, International Socialist Organization, Portland Solidarity Network, Portland Committee for Human Rights in the Philippines, and more.
Hardly a week has gone by since Governor Brown unveiled her grand compromise on minimum wage and she is already compromising again, watering down her proposal even more.
Originally, after almost a year of utter silence and complete lack of leadership from Governor Brown on this issue, she proposed $15.52 in six years for the 25 cities within the Portland urban growth boundary, and $13.50 in six years for the rest of the state with no restoration of local control over minimum wage laws. This plan was already a compromise from the previous session where a statewide $15 minimum wage over a shorter three year phase in—and the restoration of local control of minimum wage laws—were the only proposals with any traction.
Now after more secret negotiations and compromises, Brown’s proposal has been lowered to $14.50 and $13.25. What did not change about her proposal is the ridiculously long phase in of six years, which renders the raise virtually meaningless. What also didn’t change is that local control is still not restored. As we expected, local control was the first of many things to be compromised away in Democrats’ fetish for ensuring that anything they pass meets at least some scant approval of their corporate election funders.
True, workers get a smaller and insufficient raise a few months earlier. The original proposal called for a first step to $11.79 in the Portland area and $10.25 for the rest of the state on January 1, 2017. The new proposal has a first step of $9.75 in July 2016 for the whole state. That is $2 per hour less in the Portland area and 50 cents per hour less everywhere else. This new and further diluted proposal is not impressive. There is nothing here to get excited about.
It is, however, exactly what is to be expected from corporate politicians who are much more interested in playing games and brokering deals with wealthy business donors and lobbyists than they are in fighting for Oregon’s working families. Big business is getting exactly what it wants from their new Governor: the state legislature that they have purchased will continue to have singular control over minimum wage laws in the state—to the detriment of local economies—and businesses get a minimum wage increase with a phase in that is too long to be of any significant value in terms of ending poverty wages and ensuring that working families are self-sufficient.
As an organization that is lead and run by low-wage workers and their allies, we are having difficulty finding anything in this compromised proposal that is worth celebrating. It is one thing to sit in a well funded office and praise the proposal because low-wage workers get a smaller raise a little sooner than in the original plan. It is another thing to actually be that low-wage worker, to look at your next paycheck and realize that your pay is so low that you didn’t even notice the extra 50 cents per hour and that you really needed that other two dollar now.
A statewide $15 minimum wage is not only demonstrably what is needed in Oregon to ensure that working families are self-sufficient, but it also was and still can be a viable and winnable fight. Two years before the November 2016 election, a statewide $15 minimum wage was already polling favorably among a majority of likely Oregon voters. If the labor movement unites and stands strong for $15, if we work side-by-side to reignite a working class fighting spirit and build an empowered workers’ movement, then we can win the Fight for $15 and we can win it for all Oregonians.
That victory is still within reach. Let us unite and Fight for $15!
Governor Kate Brown has released the details of her proposal for increasing Oregon’s minimum wage. According to an article just published by the Oregonian, “Brown’s plan would set two rates for Oregon. One would cover the Portland metro area, as defined by the region’s urban growth boundary, and top out at $15.52 an hour. The other would set a $13.50 minimum for the rest of the state.”
$15.52 per hour for the Portland metro region sounds really great. Hey, it’s even higher than we’ve been demanding! Unfortunately, the region’s minimum wage would not reach that level until January of 2022, a six year phase in. That is entirely too long. 3 years longer than what is proposed in IP 41, the ballot initiative being run by the Oregonians for 15 coalition. The cost of living in the Portland area has, in fact, already surpassed the $15 minimum wage level. Study after study shows this to be the case. $15.52 in six years is, to be perfectly frank, not fast enough and not good enough.
$13.50 for rural Oregon in six years is not fast enough, it’s not good enough. The Alliance for a Just Society already places the self-sufficiency wage for the entire state, including rural Oregon, at $15.99 per hour. According to a 2014 Oregon Department of Human Services study conducted by Oregon State University, the hourly wage needed for a single parent with one child to be able to afford fair market rate, small home-based childcare without being cost burdened is $15 per hour or more in all but four of Oregon’s counties.
Furthermore, the minimum wage preemption law that prevents cities and counties from raising their own minimum wage needs to be repealed. The law is undemocratic. It is a tool of right wing corporate lobby powerhouses like ALEC whose mission is to limit and repeal the rights and the gains that have been won by working people around the nation.
So while we applaud Governor Brown for recognizing that the Portland area needs at least $15, we are compelled to state that this plan is not good enough. It phases in too slowly, and it doesn’t create a statewide minimum wage that ensures working families can be self-sufficient.
IP 41 increases the minimum wage to $15 across the state over a 3 year phase in, by 2019. The initiative recognizes that $15 is also needed outside of the Portland metro area, and it gets us there on much more reasonable timeline.
The Oregon Center for Public Policy has shown that Oregon has had minimum wage increases of this size and speed in the past. Twice actually. Once during the late 80s and early 90s when the minimum wage increased by 42% over two years, and once during the 1970s when the state minimum wage increased by 80% over a four year phase in. Both of these were equivalent in size IP 41’s 60% increase over 3 years, with the wage increasing an average of about 20% per year in all three cases. After both large increases during the mid 70’s and the late 80’s, Oregon’s economy and small businesses grew and thrived.
by Mark Vorpahl (originally published by The Oregonian)
The headline of Garrison Cox’s Nov. 28 guest column may proclaim “‘Fight for Fifteen’ movement has its math wrong”, but his incomplete research and unsubstantiated conclusions fail to add up.
For instance, the article claims “…there is no research that recommends a $15 minimum wage.” What of economic research heavyweights like former Labor Secretary Robert Reich’s article “Why the minimum wage should really be raised to $15 an hour,” or the Oregon Center for Public Policy’s “$15 minimum wage means real gains for workers”?
Unfortunately, it seems Cox slacked off with his homework by ignoring Oregon’s own history of large minimum wage hikes. Otherwise his worries about $15 being too “drastic” would likely be calmed.
By Mary King
This article was originally published by The Oregonian on 12/12/2015.
Contrary to claims in a recent Oregonian/OregonLive guest column, the economic case for a shift to a $15 minimum wage over the next few years is based on very solid mathematical analyses by the best labor economists in the field. Their work predicts higher economic growth and therefore more tax revenue; lower business costs for turnover, recruitment and training; greater labor productivity and job satisfaction; lower poverty rates, particularly among single parents and young families; lower public expenditures for food stamps and other benefits; and a counter-force against spiraling income inequality in our state and nation.
The strength of the economic case for a substantially higher minimum wage surprises people who: Continue Reading…
by Justin Norton-Kertson
The Portland State University Board of Trustees received an ear-full from a crowd of dozens of students, campus workers, professors, and community members who packed today’s board meeting, and who are fed up with being ignored by university administration and leadership. The day’s action comes after years of being ignored, and was an escalation of a year of direct action by the Portland State University Student union (PSUSU) over the arming of campus security and a host of other issues.
The day’s action also comes just weeks after the president of the Associated Students of PSU, Dana Gazi, issued a statement calling for a mass student movement. That statement mirrored many of the demands that have been made by PSUSU such as disarming campus police, free college tuition, cancelation of student debt, a living wage for all campus workers, and an end to business model higher education. Gazi spoke at today’s meeting echoing much of the sentiment in their open letter.
Students spoke at the meeting about racism, Islamophobia, and a growing concern about open white supremacy on campus, as well the arming of campus security, poverty wages paid on campus, student hunger and houselessness, the cutting of arts programs, bloated administrative salaries and perks, and a host of other issues that the board has all but ignored student voices on for years. Continue reading
For the past two years 15 Now PDX has lead the movement to win a $15 minimum and repeal the anti-worker, ALEC inspired law that prevents cities in Oregon from raising the minimum wage themselves. Multiple ballot measures have now been filed to raise Oregon’s minimum wage at the 2016 ballot, including a $15 initiative, an initiative to restore local control of minimum wage laws, and another for the lower number of $13.50.
This coming legislative session will be our last chance before the 2016 election to convince our legislators to do the right thing: pass a statewide $15 minimum wage, restore local control, and avoid a ballot fight. But they won’t do this unless we show up in Salem in overwhelming force of numbers and demand it. That means that we need your help. Low-wage workers and allies, labor unions, community groups, and supportive small businesses, rural and urban Oregonians unite, flood the capitol and demand $15!
On January 14, 2016 state legislators will be holding a public hearing on raising Oregon’s minimum wage. Join us at the capitol building for an afternoon rally and then the evening hearing where we will demand a statewide $15 minimum wage and local control with no one left out: not farm workers, not restaurant workers, not teenagers or new employees, and not rural Oregonians!
Stand up to corporations who are trying to keep wages low. No more poverty wage subsidies for big corporations! Anything less than $15 is not enough anywhere in Oregon. A regional minimum wage that leaves those outside of the Portland metro area with lower wages only helps increase region income disparity in our state and leaves rural Oregonians behind.
Join us and flood the capitol to demand $15 NOW for all of Oregon! There will be open public testimony. Have your voice heard!
There will be free transportation available from Portland and back for those who need it. If you need transportation, or if you can be a carpool driver, then fill out this form and we’ll be in touch with you with more details in January.